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The Avar rule over the area lasted until the 9th century, until Charlemagne's campaigns.
Because of this, the Bulgarians allied with the Pechenegs, who attacked the Hungarian settlements.
In South Slavic and other regional languages, terms for "banate" were: Serbian - In the early modern period, there were two banates that partially or entirely included the territory of what is referred to in the current era as Banat: the Banate of Lugoj and Caransebeș in 16th and 17th century and the Banat of Temeswar or Banat of Temes in 18th and 19 th century.
The word "Banat" without any other qualification, typically refers to the historical Banat of Temeswar, which acquired this title after the 1718 Treaty of Passarowitz.
The name was also used from 1941 to 1944, during Axis occupation, for the short-lived political entity (see: Banat (1941–44)), which covered only today's Serbian part of the historical Banat.
The name Banat is similar in different languages of the region; Romanian: The Banat is defined as the part of the Pannonian Basin bordered by the River Danube to the south, the River Tisa to the west, the River Mureș to the north, and the Southern Carpathian Mountains to the east.
Wheat, barley, oats, rye, maize, flax, hemp and tobacco are grown in large quantities, and the products of the vineyards are of a good quality. The mineral wealth is great, including copper, tin, lead, zinc, iron and especially coal.
Amongst its numerous mineral springs, the most important are those of Mehadia, with sulphurous waters, which were already known in the Roman period as the Termae Herculis (Băile Herculane).
During the Middle Ages, the term "banate" was designating a frontier province led by a military governor who was called ban.
Such provinces existed mainly in South Slavic, Hungarian and Romanian lands.
This led to the process of what is known as the Hungarian conquest of the Pannonian basin, referred to by them as "hometaking" ( Banat was administered by The First Bulgarian Empire from the 9th to the 11th century, but that control gradually migrated to the Kingdom of Hungary which administered it from the 11th century up until 1552, when the region of Temesvár (today Timișoara) was taken by the Ottoman Empire.
Before the Hungarian conquest, according to Gesta Hungarorum chronicle, a local ruler known as Glad ruled over the Banat and his army was formed by Vlachs, Bulgarians and Cumans The area of the Timiș river was not the land of the Hungarian royal tribe.
The Banat is a geographical and historical region in Central Europe that is currently divided among three countries: the eastern part lies in western Romania (the counties of Timiș, Caraș-Severin, Arad south of the Mureș, and the western part of Mehedinți); the western part in northeastern Serbia (mostly included in Vojvodina, except for a small part included in the Belgrade Region); and a small northern part lies within southeastern Hungary (Csongrád county).