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In Coptic, the words piaro (Sahidic) or phiaro (Bohairic) meaning "the river" (lit.
It flows north through Tanzania, Lake Victoria, Uganda and South Sudan.
The northern section of the river flows north almost entirely through the Sudanese desert to Egypt, then ends in a large delta and empties into the Mediterranean Sea.
Egyptian civilization and Sudanese kingdoms have depended on the river since ancient times.
The White Nile is considered to be the headwaters and primary stream of the Nile itself.
The Blue Nile, however, is the source of most of the water and silt.
The English name Nile and the Arabic names en-Nîl and an-Nîl both derive from the Latin Above Khartoum, the Nile is also known as the White Nile, a term also used in a limited sense to describe the section between Lake No and Khartoum. The White Nile starts in equatorial East Africa, and the Blue Nile begins in Ethiopia.
Both branches are on the western flanks of the East African Rift.
Most of the population and cities of Egypt lie along those parts of the Nile valley north of Aswan, and nearly all the cultural and historical sites of Ancient Egypt are found along riverbanks.
In the ancient Egyptian language, the Nile is called Ḥ'pī or Iteru (Hapy), meaning "river".
After leaving Lake Albert, the river continues north through Uganda and is known as the Albert Nile.
The river flows into South Sudan just south of Nimule, where it is known as the Bahr al Jabal ("Mountain River").
The Nile, which is 6,853 km (4,258 miles) long, is an "international" river as its drainage basin covers eleven countries, namely, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt.