On 4 October 1943, powers were split in the legislative division of Burundi's government between chiefdoms and lower chiefdoms.
Germany established armed forces in Ruanda and Burundi at the end of the 19th century, colonising the area and establishing German East Africa.Because of the Arusha Accord, Burundi enacted a transitional government in 2000.The official languages of Burundi are French and Kirundi, although Swahili can be found spoken along the Tanzanian border.On 20 October 1924, this land, which consisted of modern-day Rwanda and Burundi, became a Belgian League of Nations mandate territory.In practical terms it was considered part of the Belgian colonial empire, and was known as Ruanda-Urundi.Burundi gained independence in 1962 and initially had a monarchy, but a series of assassinations, coups, and a general climate of regional instability culminated in the establishment of a republic and one-party state in 1966.
Bouts of ethnic cleansing and ultimately two civil wars and genocides during the 1970s and again in the 1990s left the country undeveloped and its population as one of the world's poorest.
Burundi's first elections took place on 8 September 1961 and UPRONA, a multi-ethnic unity party led by Prince Louis Rwagasore won just over 80% of the electorate's votes.
In the wake of the elections, on 13 October, the 29-year-old Prince Rwagasore was assassinated, robbing Burundi of its most popular and well-known nationalist.
Ruanda-Urundi continued its kingship dynasty despite the invasion of Europeans.
During the 1940s, a series of policies caused divisions throughout the country.
One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi has an equatorial climate.